Argentina's major wine regions are located in the western part of the country and are seated along the base of the Andes Mountains. With one of the widest diurnal temperature variations in the world, Argentina's summers can hit as high as 104ºF and nights cooling off to 50ºF. This arid desert-like climate relies on the pollution-free water from the melted glaciers in the Andes in order to naturally irrigate each vineyard. Argentina also has some of the highest altitudes vineyards in the world, with an average altitude of 3,000 feet high.
These extreme and strenuous geographic characteristics allow Argentina's vines to really struggle and produce lower yields with higher quality and more concentrated wines.
Perched between 3,300 and 5,000 feet above sea level at the base of the Andes' Aconcagua peaks, the Lujan de Cuyo and Uco Valleys are world renowned for producing premium red wines with rich color, full body and true varietal character. At these impressive sites the vineyards are naturally irrigated with the pure water source of the snow melt of the Andes Mountains. Similar to Sonoma and Napa Valleys, the same diurnal shift between day and nighttime temperatures allows for optimum ripeness and fresh acidity. The soils are clay and rock based with sandy surfaces and provide excellent free-draining qualities which stress the vines leading to a higher concentration of flavor.
Resting 5,500 feet above sea level in the Cuyo Region, La Rioja has the longest continued history of wine production in Argentina, dating back to the mid-16th century. This region is well-known for its crisp white varieties with powerful aromatics and fresh acidity. Torrontes and Moscato benefit from the high luminosity, the thermal amplitude, and the low rainfall of only 5 annual inches a year. The sandy clay loam soils also ensure a slow ripening development to create a completely balanced wine of both acidity and fruit.
Water conservation in the use of drip irrigation and the treatment and reuse of winery waste water for irrigation.
The pollution-free water used for irrigation comes from the snowmelt off the Andes.
Cover crops are used to release nitrogen back into the soil to reincorporate organic material.
Natural fungicides such as copper sulfate are used to avoid the use of other damaging pesticides.
Pruning and Canopy management ensure good aeration and lower humidity levels in order to avoid otherwise necessary chemical treatments.
Soils are constantly analyzed for health status and natural biodiversity.
All employees attend viticulture and sustainability training courses on a regular basis.
All packaging leftovers are recycled by a certified waste management company, including cardboard, wood, plastic and glass.